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February 2021 -
Volume 19, Issue 2


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From the Editor

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Original contribution

Prevalence of Systolic Heart Failure in Patients with Dementia in Sa udi Arabia: Single-center retrospective data review
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Mazen Basheikh, Ayman AlQayidi, Mohammed Addas, Mohammed Al-Zanbaqi,
Abdulaziz Abumelha, Mohammed Basheikh
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93975

Astigmatism among children in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: prevalence and associated factors
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Ahmed Basheikh, Sara Howldar, Mohammed Basendwah, Rasha Baqais,
Motaz Bamakrid, Nizar Alhibshi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93976

Iodine in Table Salt in the Aseer Region, Southwestern Saudi Arabia
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Ayyub Ali Patel
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93977

Foot care among recently diagnosed diabetic patients in Muhayel, Aseer Region, Saudi Arabia
[pdf]
[Abstract]

Abdullah A. Hassan, Yahia M. Alkhaldi, Bassam M.K. Mawkili, Bandar A.M. Al-Mudawi, Ayidh A.A. Alasmari
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93978

Minor Head Injury: Quality Improvement Project
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Shabana Shaheen, Muhammad Hameed, Yousef Essam Hassan Qabeel
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93980

Difficulties and Barriers of Primary Health Care Physicians in Rural Areas of Aseer Region, Saudi Arabia
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Mastor A.M. Alshahrani, Mohammed A. Alsaleem, Safar A. Alsaleem, Mohammed A. Alfaya, Muhammed A.Y. Alkhairi, Amjad M.H. Alshahrani,
Mohammed H. Alghamdi, Waleed K.S. Qubayl, Ahmed Y. Mushari
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93982

Association between obesity and mental disorders among male secondary school students in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Predictor based Cross-Sectional Study
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Mubarak M.A. Alshahrani, Mohammed A. Alsaleem, Safar A. Alsaleem,
Mohammed Al-Masoudi, Eman M. Alshahrani, Abdulrahman M. Alshahrani, Khalid M. Alshehri, Suliman A. Asiri, Ahmed M. Asiri, Ahmed A. Asiri, Ahmed H. Alabdali
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93983

Population and Community Health

Use of eye drops self-medication in Aseer region, Southern Saudi Arabia
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Abdulrahman Alamri, Razan Asiri, Abdulaziz Alnami, Raneem Hijazi,
Lamya Almobty
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93984

Impact of acne on quality of life among university students
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Ghadah Mohammad Alasbi, Fatima Riaz, Halimah Nasser Kidwan,
Zanah Abdullah Assiri, Tabinda Ashfaq, Eisa Yazeed Ghazwani,
Razia Aftab Ahmad
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93985

Frequency of Esophageal Carcinoma and Delay in Diagnostic Workup; A Multi-centre Experience from Southern Pakistan
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Mohsin Javed, Irtiza Ahmed Bhatti, Nazish Jaffar, Ghulam Haider, Zareen Irshad,
Saroona Haroon
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93986

Awareness and Attitudes towards Common Eye Diseases among the General Population of Southern region of Saudi Arabia
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Waleed A Aldhabaan, Bander Bin Saleh Alsalmy Asiri, AbdulRahman Saad M. Alahmari, Hossien Saad S.Alqahtani, Aeyd Jobran A. AlHashim, Ahmed Saad T Alshahrani
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93987

Perception of food allergy among mothers of allergic children in Southwestern Saudi Arabia
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Youssef A. Alqahtani, Ayed A. Shati, Ahmad A. Alhanshani, Bayan M. Hanif,
Eman S. Salem, Aljohrah M. Hanif, Ali Alsuheel Asseri
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93988

Insomnia and social network use among secondary school female students in Abha Sector
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Huda Ali Almusa
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93989

Covid 19

Self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic is associated with increased risk of burnout among physician trainees: A cross sectional study
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Ali Farsi, Soha A Alomar, Mai Kadi, Sara Farsi, Haifa Algethamy, Bashar Reda,
Saud A Bahaidarah, Alya Binmahfouz, Mohammed O Nassif, Ali Samkari,
Majdy M Qutub, Ibrahim Alnoury, Husam Malibary, Abdullah Bakhsh,
Hattan A Aljaaly, Ehab Alsayyed, Nouf Akeel, Waleed Alghamdi,
Abdulaziz Saleem, Nadim Malibary, Omar Baghlaf, Nora Trabulsi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93991

Diagnostic and therapeutic option of Covid-19; A systematic review
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed AlJohani, Taif Jameel Ahmed Tharwat,
Khalid Waleed Mahrous, Rafa Hassan Hashim Alsharif,
Reenad Saeid Farghali Ghunaim, Abdulaziz Ali Alghamdi, Ahmed Abdullah AlJohani, Omar Mohammad Almatrafi, Mernan Mohammed Mahrous,
Abdullah Majid Alharbi, Osama Abdulsalam Alquliti, Yaser Abdulsalam Alqelaiti,
Areej Hesham Al Arabi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93993

Education and Training

Preference of final year medical students towards family medicine as a career choice: A comparative study from Pakistan
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Tabinda Ashfaq, Faisal Shahzad, Aiesha Ishaq, Sajida Naseem, Fahad Saleem
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93995

Treatment of Hepatitis C with Glecaprevir/Pibrentasvir in a Patient with Concurrent Stricturing Crohn's Disease on Adalimumab
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Almoutaz Hashim
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93996

Review

Primary prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases among the Middle aged and the Elderly
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Naglaa Mohammed Ahmed Abdelrahim Omer, Wafaa Yousuf, Noof Mansouri
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93997

Management of depression in primary care - A cross-sectional study in the North-East of England, UK
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Reshma Hegde, Prinul Gunputh, Baxi Sinha DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93998



Middle East Quality Improvement Program
(MEQUIP QI&CPD)

Chief Editor -
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE

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Publisher -
Lesley Pocock
medi+WORLD International
AUSTRALIA
Email
: lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
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Editorial Enquiries -
abyad@cyberia.net.lb
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Advertising Enquiries -
lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
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While all efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this journal, opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Publishers, Editor or the Editorial Board. The publishers, Editor and Editorial Board cannot be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this journal; or the views and opinions expressed. Publication of any advertisements does not constitute any endorsement by the Publishers and Editors of the product advertised.

The contents of this journal are copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for purposes of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Australian Copyright Act, no part of this program may be reproduced without the permission of the publisher.

February 2021 - Volume 19, Issue 2

Iodine in Table Salt in the Aseer Region, Southwestern Saudi Arabia

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence:
Ayyub A Patel
Email: ayyub@kku.edu.sa

Received: December 2020; Accepted: January 2021; Published: February 1, 2021. Citation: Ayyub Ali Patel. Iodine in Table Salt in the Aseer Region, Southwestern Saudi Arabia. World Family Medicine. 2021; 19(1): 20-24 DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93977

Abstract



Background
: Iodine, a micronutrient that plays a significant role in thyroid hormone synthesis, is essential for normal neurological development. Universal Salt Iodization is a plan advocated by the WHO to ensure sufficient iodine intake by all individuals. No accurate data was available about household coverage with iodized salt and salt iodization adequacy in the Aseer region, southwestern Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: To estimate the proportion of households consuming iodized salt in the Aseer region, southwestern Saudi Arabia, and assess salt iodization’s adequacy.

Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study on a stratified proportional allocation sample. The household of each child was requested to bring a teaspoonful of table salt consumed in their kitchen. The salt samples were taken in standard, small, self-sealed plastic bags. The Iodine concentration of salt was determined spectrophotometrically.

Results: The study included 3038 samples of table salt. Insufficient iodized table salt samples (less than 15 ppm based on the WHO/UNICEF ICCIDD classification) were observed in 22.3% (95% CI: 20.8% – 23.8%) of the samples. Similarly, insufficient iodized table salt samples (less than 70 ppm based on Saudi Standards, Metrology and Quality Organization “SASO” classification) were observed in 75.7% (95% CI: 74.1% – 77.2%) of the study samples. The present study showed that rural areas significantly had higher insufficient table salt samples than urban areas.

Conclusions: The study showed that the use of insufficient iodized salt in the region is still common. The accessibility of iodized salt can be achieved through iodized salt’s marketing and sales. Authorities in the Aseer region should play an influential role in forbidding non-iodized salt in the local markets in the Aseer region.

Key words: Iodine; Table salt; Saudi Arabia

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