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April 2020 -
Volume 18, Issue 4

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From the Editor

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Original Contribution

[Abstract]
Knowledge and Prevalence of Energy Drinks Consumption among King Khalid University Female Students
[pdf]
Abrar Abdulaziz Sultan, Safar A. Al Saleem, Amani A.M. Osman, Ossama A. Mostafa
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93793

[Abstract]
The safest values of low density lipoproteins in the plasma
[pdf]
Mehmet Rami Helvaci, Abdulrazak Abyad, Lesley Pocock
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93794

[Abstract]
Prevalence of Symptoms and Risk of Sleep Apnea in the northern Population of Pakistan.
[pdf]
Faryal Subhani, Usman Ali, Rohan Advani, Muneeb Hussain, Waris Qidwai
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93800

[Abstract]
Assessment of Health-Related Knowledge and Practices among Patients with Peptic Ulcer
[pdf]
Mohammed Attieh Alzahrani, Khulood Alfageeh, Teaf Thabet, Nadia Ali, Njood Alnahdi, Malak Mohammed, Khalid Yousef Nabrawi, Awad Saeed Alsamghan
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93802

Population and Community Studies

[Abstract]
Prevalence of Fibromyalgia in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis
[pdf]
Abdlsatar J. Mathkhor, Abdulnaser H. Abdullah, Amer S. Khudhairy M
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93795

[Abstract]
Kidney stones in children aged less than 5 years in Aden, Yemen
[pdf]
Ali Ahmed Salem Hatroom
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93796

[Abstract]
The Importance of Screening - Screening Programs in Qatar
[pdf]
Hana Ansari Hayat
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93799

Education and training

[Abstract]
Emotional Intelligence of Family Medicine Residents in Qatar
[pdf]
Muna Taher, Mohamed Salem, Hisham El-Mahdi, Eman Fadhel, Teeba Salwan, Kahina Dameche, Ayat Alhakeem, Mansour El-Mahdi
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93797

[Abstract]
Personal Development Plan (PDP)
[pdf]
Shabana Shaheen, Muhammad Hameed
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93801

Case Report

[Abstract]
Unwitnessed Oesophageal Foreign Body Ingestion: A Case Report
[pdf]
Idris Akinwande, Saad Rehman
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93798

[Abstract]
Autoimmune Progesterone Dermatitis: A Case Report
[pdf]
Tahani Magliah, Salwa Bardisi
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93803



Middle East Quality Improvement Program
(MEQUIP QI&CPD)

Chief Editor -
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE

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Publisher -
Lesley Pocock
medi+WORLD International
AUSTRALIA
Email
: lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
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April 2020 - Volume 18, Issue 4

Prevalence of Symptoms and Risk of Sleep Apnea in the northern Population of Pakistan

(1) Medical Student, Aga Khan University, Pakistan
(2) Professor,Department of Family Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Waris Qidwai, MBBS, MCPS (FM), FCPS (FM), FRCGP (INT), FCGP(SL), FFPH(UK)
Professor, Department of Family Medicine
Aga Khan University, Karachi
Stadium Road, PO Box: 3500
Karachi-74800, Pakistan
Tel: 92-21-3486-4940 (Office) 92-3018216783(Cell)
Fax: 92-21-3493-4294
Email: waris.qidwai@aku.edu

Received: Febuary 2020; Accepted: March 2020; Published: April 1, 2020. Citation: Muna Taher et al. Emotional Intelligence of Family Medicine Residents in Qatar. World Family Medicine.
2020; 18(4): 25-32 DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93800

Abstract


Background:
Sleep apnea is a chronic condition characterized by frequent episodes of upper airway collapse during sleep causing episodes of apnea and hypo-apnea. These episodes of apnea and hypo-apnea can cause repetitive hypoxia and awaken one from sleep. Increasingly, obstructive sleep apnea is also being recognized as an independent risk factor for several clinical consequences, including systemic hypertension, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and abnormal glucose metabolism.

Objective: To identify the prevalence and risk factors of sleep apnea in Chitral, Pakistan.

Method: A cross sectional study was conducted at the THQ hospital Booni, Chitral. The survey was conducted on individuals who had come to the hospital as attendants, patients or visitors of the admitted patients. We used the Berlin questionnaire to identify individuals at risk for OSA. The Urdu version of the Berlin questionnaire was embedded in our survey questionnaire. Written consent was obtained. Data was collected and analyzed using SPSS.

Results: 52 of a total 408 were at high-risk for OSAS according to the Berlin scale Questionnaire. Hence, the prevalence estimates of individuals at high-risk for OSAS was 12.75%. These participants were more likely to have conditions such as previous coronary artery disease, high cholesterol, and hypertension.

Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of OSA in Chitral and it is also associated with obesity, coronary diseases, smoking, and hypertension which is why it is important to have a proper evaluation and early screening for it. Given the high prevalence and association of OSA with many diseases, it is also important to increase awareness among physicians and the general population of rural areas, about the clinical presentations, risk factors and complications of OSAS.

Key words: sleep apnea; prevalence; smoking; coronary disease

 







 


 

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