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February 2021 -
Volume 19, Issue 2


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From the Editor

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Original contribution

Prevalence of Systolic Heart Failure in Patients with Dementia in Sa udi Arabia: Single-center retrospective data review
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Mazen Basheikh, Ayman AlQayidi, Mohammed Addas, Mohammed Al-Zanbaqi,
Abdulaziz Abumelha, Mohammed Basheikh
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93975

Astigmatism among children in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: prevalence and associated factors
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Ahmed Basheikh, Sara Howldar, Mohammed Basendwah, Rasha Baqais,
Motaz Bamakrid, Nizar Alhibshi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93976

Iodine in Table Salt in the Aseer Region, Southwestern Saudi Arabia
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Ayyub Ali Patel
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93977

Foot care among recently diagnosed diabetic patients in Muhayel, Aseer Region, Saudi Arabia
[pdf]
[Abstract]

Abdullah A. Hassan, Yahia M. Alkhaldi, Bassam M.K. Mawkili, Bandar A.M. Al-Mudawi, Ayidh A.A. Alasmari
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93978

Minor Head Injury: Quality Improvement Project
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Shabana Shaheen, Muhammad Hameed, Yousef Essam Hassan Qabeel
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93980

Difficulties and Barriers of Primary Health Care Physicians in Rural Areas of Aseer Region, Saudi Arabia
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Mastor A.M. Alshahrani, Mohammed A. Alsaleem, Safar A. Alsaleem, Mohammed A. Alfaya, Muhammed A.Y. Alkhairi, Amjad M.H. Alshahrani,
Mohammed H. Alghamdi, Waleed K.S. Qubayl, Ahmed Y. Mushari
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93982

Association between obesity and mental disorders among male secondary school students in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Predictor based Cross-Sectional Study
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Mubarak M.A. Alshahrani, Mohammed A. Alsaleem, Safar A. Alsaleem,
Mohammed Al-Masoudi, Eman M. Alshahrani, Abdulrahman M. Alshahrani, Khalid M. Alshehri, Suliman A. Asiri, Ahmed M. Asiri, Ahmed A. Asiri, Ahmed H. Alabdali
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93983

Population and Community Health

Use of eye drops self-medication in Aseer region, Southern Saudi Arabia
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Abdulrahman Alamri, Razan Asiri, Abdulaziz Alnami, Raneem Hijazi,
Lamya Almobty
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93984

Impact of acne on quality of life among university students
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Ghadah Mohammad Alasbi, Fatima Riaz, Halimah Nasser Kidwan,
Zanah Abdullah Assiri, Tabinda Ashfaq, Eisa Yazeed Ghazwani,
Razia Aftab Ahmad
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93985

Frequency of Esophageal Carcinoma and Delay in Diagnostic Workup; A Multi-centre Experience from Southern Pakistan
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Mohsin Javed, Irtiza Ahmed Bhatti, Nazish Jaffar, Ghulam Haider, Zareen Irshad,
Saroona Haroon
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93986

Awareness and Attitudes towards Common Eye Diseases among the General Population of Southern region of Saudi Arabia
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Waleed A Aldhabaan, Bander Bin Saleh Alsalmy Asiri, AbdulRahman Saad M. Alahmari, Hossien Saad S.Alqahtani, Aeyd Jobran A. AlHashim, Ahmed Saad T Alshahrani
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93987

Perception of food allergy among mothers of allergic children in Southwestern Saudi Arabia
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Youssef A. Alqahtani, Ayed A. Shati, Ahmad A. Alhanshani, Bayan M. Hanif,
Eman S. Salem, Aljohrah M. Hanif, Ali Alsuheel Asseri
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93988

Insomnia and social network use among secondary school female students in Abha Sector
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Huda Ali Almusa
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93989

Covid 19

Self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic is associated with increased risk of burnout among physician trainees: A cross sectional study
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Ali Farsi, Soha A Alomar, Mai Kadi, Sara Farsi, Haifa Algethamy, Bashar Reda,
Saud A Bahaidarah, Alya Binmahfouz, Mohammed O Nassif, Ali Samkari,
Majdy M Qutub, Ibrahim Alnoury, Husam Malibary, Abdullah Bakhsh,
Hattan A Aljaaly, Ehab Alsayyed, Nouf Akeel, Waleed Alghamdi,
Abdulaziz Saleem, Nadim Malibary, Omar Baghlaf, Nora Trabulsi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93991

Diagnostic and therapeutic option of Covid-19; A systematic review
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed AlJohani, Taif Jameel Ahmed Tharwat,
Khalid Waleed Mahrous, Rafa Hassan Hashim Alsharif,
Reenad Saeid Farghali Ghunaim, Abdulaziz Ali Alghamdi, Ahmed Abdullah AlJohani, Omar Mohammad Almatrafi, Mernan Mohammed Mahrous,
Abdullah Majid Alharbi, Osama Abdulsalam Alquliti, Yaser Abdulsalam Alqelaiti,
Areej Hesham Al Arabi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93993

Education and Training

Preference of final year medical students towards family medicine as a career choice: A comparative study from Pakistan
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Tabinda Ashfaq, Faisal Shahzad, Aiesha Ishaq, Sajida Naseem, Fahad Saleem
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93995

Treatment of Hepatitis C with Glecaprevir/Pibrentasvir in a Patient with Concurrent Stricturing Crohn's Disease on Adalimumab
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Almoutaz Hashim
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93996

Review

Primary prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases among the Middle aged and the Elderly
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Naglaa Mohammed Ahmed Abdelrahim Omer, Wafaa Yousuf, Noof Mansouri
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93997

Management of depression in primary care - A cross-sectional study in the North-East of England, UK
[pdf]
[Abstract]
Reshma Hegde, Prinul Gunputh, Baxi Sinha DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93998



Middle East Quality Improvement Program
(MEQUIP QI&CPD)

Chief Editor -
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE

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Publisher -
Lesley Pocock
medi+WORLD International
AUSTRALIA
Email
: lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
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Editorial Enquiries -
abyad@cyberia.net.lb
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Advertising Enquiries -
lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
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While all efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this journal, opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Publishers, Editor or the Editorial Board. The publishers, Editor and Editorial Board cannot be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this journal; or the views and opinions expressed. Publication of any advertisements does not constitute any endorsement by the Publishers and Editors of the product advertised.

The contents of this journal are copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for purposes of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Australian Copyright Act, no part of this program may be reproduced without the permission of the publisher.

February 2021 - Volume 19, Issue 2

Diagnostic and therapeutic option of Covid-19; A systematic review

Received: December 2020; Accepted: January 2021; Published: February 1, 2021. Citation: Huda Ali Almusa. Diagnostic and therapeutic option of Covid-19; A systematic review World Family Medicine. 2021; 19(1): 126-135 DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2021.93993

Abstract


Background: The global pandemic of coronavirus has resulted in it causing several respiratory diseases. The mild common cold like illness is one of the major symptoms that represents the clinical presentation of the respiratory infection. Some patients can be asymptomatic while some might have characteristic symptoms in the form of coughs, dyspnoea, and fever. Mostly it affects people aged between 30 to 79 years. Major risk factors are people residing or travelling in the areas where risk of transmission is quite high, old age, and presence of comorbidities. The origin of the virus was linked to the Southern China’s Huanan wet market in Huanan. The pathophysiology has not yet been understood properly but the exudative diffuse alveolar is considered as the major reason behind the deaths due to respiratory failure. In order to control the spread there are four different ways currently: quarantine the contact for at least 14 days, screening of travellers, drive-through screening centres, and temperature screening. Isolation, infection management, and symptom management can be the most useful therapeutic approaches.

Methodology: During this research, the systematic review has been done by referring to several studies that showed the data related to the diagnostic and therapeutic approach against Covid-19. During the research it has been -ensured that only the data from thighly qualified authors was used to determine the effective diagnostic and therapeutic options of Covid-19. The inclusion criteria were articles available in English language, the most recent and highly rated studies, and articles having statistics. The exclusion criteria were data which is available without clear statistics, articles other than those in the English language, data of high risk and low quality, and the data not able to provide the basic diagnostic and therapeutic options of Covid-19. It has been ensured that the quality of data should be maintained in order to establish quality research.

Discussion: Covid-19 diagnostic options are oral and nasal PCR, rapid diagnostic test, serologic test, plain X-rays, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CT scanning, ultrasonography, and nuclear scanning. The therapeutic options are pharmacological drugs (like chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, corticosteroids, sirolimus, tocilizumab), airway assistance ventilation, and vaccination.

Conclusion: Covid-19 is on the verge of constant increase and is impacting many people around the globe. Currently, there is no proper treatment for covid-19 as a result of which everyday preventive actions and vaccination are the best things that an individual can do in order to prevent the spread of covid-19.

Key words: Covid-19, corona virus, SARS-CoV-2, diagnostic, therapeutic

 

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