JOURNAL
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June 2023 -
Volume 21, Issue 5


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From the Editor

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Original Contribution

Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months after birth: A cross-sectional study in health care centers in Khartoum, Sudan
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Walid Tawfig, Lateefa Othman Aldakhil
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256105

Prevalence and ultrasound features of polycystic ovaries in young females examined by pelvic ultrasound in primary health care in Qatar. Electronic Medical record-based study
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Tamer F. Ali, Abdelwahed Samir Abougazia
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256106

Venous Thromboembolism Awareness among Saudis Risk Group at Primary Health Care Centers in Riyadh
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Afaf Hakami, Hessa Almutairi, Mashael Alqwaiee, Fatemah Altheyab, Hanan Abuhaimid, Wejdan makrami, Maryam Almatrafi, Nadiah Alanazi, Huda Almofrih, Nora Alheleel, Nouf Al-Helail
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256107

Prevalence of Colonic Diverticulosis among Adult patients with Obesity and metabolic syndrome conditions, a Retrospective Study at a University Hospital in Saudi Arabia
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Hani Jawa, Mohammed Alfawaz, Waleed Alghamdi, Almoutaz Hashim, Enad Alsolami, Faisal Aljehani Meshari Abdulaziz Althobaiti, Fayafi Nidhal Alghazzawi, Reem Abdulraouf Ghaza, Lama Abdulmuti Alharbi, Muath Saeed Alharbi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256108

Acute painful crises may be causes of sudden deaths in sickle cell diseases
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Mehmet Rami Helvaci, Mehpare Camlibel, Burcu Yuksek, Alper Sevinc,
Celaletdin Camci, Abdulrazak Abyad, Lesley Pocock
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256109

Use of Uterine and Ovarian Arteries Doppler Parameters for the Prediction of Infertility in Females
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Syed Muhammad Yousaf Farooq, Nazish Zulfiqar, Meryem Zulfiqar,
Syed Amir Gilani, Zareen Fatima, Asif Hanif, Amer Akhter
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256113

Review

Role of glucagon-like peptide-1 analogues in weight management
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Bilal Hasan Chaudhry, Laith AlMarsomi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256110

Helicobacter Pylori infection; the challenging task of improving eradication rates in light of rising antibiotic resistance, a literature review
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Asad Islam
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256112

Regional Covid

Effect of COVID-19 lock down on development of infants and toddlers
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Muhammad Qaisar Jamal Khattak, Bilal Hasan Chaudhry
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256114

Middle East Quality Improvement Program
(MEQUIP QI&CPD)


Chief Editor -
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE

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Publisher -
Lesley Pocock
medi+WORLD International
AUSTRALIA
Email
: lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
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Editorial Enquiries -
abyad@cyberia.net.lb
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Advertising Enquiries -
lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
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While all efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this journal, opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Publishers, Editor or the Editorial Board. The publishers, Editor and Editorial Board cannot be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this journal; or the views and opinions expressed. Publication of any advertisements does not constitute any endorsement by the Publishers and Editors of the product advertised.

The contents of this journal are copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for purposes of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Australian Copyright Act, no part of this program may be reproduced without the permission of the publisher.

June 2023- Volume 21, Issue 5

Prevalence of Colonic Diverticulosis among Adult patients with Obesity and metabolic syndrome conditions, a Retrospective Study at a University Hospital in Saudi Arabia

Corresponding author:
Dr. Hani Jawa MD
Department of Medicine King Abdulaziz University
Jeddah Saudi Arabia
P. O. Box 80215 Jeddah 21589
Saudi Arabia
Email: hjawa@kau.edu.sa

Received: April 2023. Accepted: May 2023; Published: June 1, 2023.Citation: Hani Jawa et al. Prevalence of Colonic Diverticulosis among Adult patients with Obesity and metabolic syndrome conditions, a Retrospective Study at a University Hospital in Saudi Arabia. World Family Medicine. June 2023; 21(5): 30-36 DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256108

Abstract

Background:
Obesity is a common health problem that restricts people’s daily activities. Many observational studies found that diverticulosis is a common complication for obesity and the prevalence of diverticulosis is increasing. However, the correlation between obesity and diverticulosis remains controversial.

Aim: The primary aim of our study was to assess the prevalence and the association between overweight or obesity and the rate of diverticulitis (as diagnosed by CT scans).

Methods: Our study was based on reviewing the medical records in a single medical center in Saudi Arabia over a period of 3 years. 342 patients diagnosed with diverticulosis and confirmed by colonoscopy and CT scan were included, with those ages above 18 years old receiving a health examination, measurement of percentage of body fat, blood test and colonoscopy at King Abdulaziz University.

Results: Women with body mass index (BMI 30) had a greater risk of developing diverticulosis (PR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.05–2.06) when compared to women with normal BMI. By gender, in patients less than fifty-one, occurrence of colonic diverticulosis was less in female patients compared to males (29% vs 45%, P=.06). However, in older ages there wasn’t clear difference among male and female patients in the prevalence of diverticulosis.

Conclusion: 342 patients who underwent screening colonoscopies for diverticulosis, were included in our analysis. We found that the risk of colonic diverticulosis has an obvious correlation to obesity especially in women with BMI 30. When comparing by age, colonic diverticulosis was less predominant in premenopausal-age women compared with similar-age men. These findings may be due to female sex hormones that enhance diverticulosis development.

Key words: colonic diverticulosis, obesity, metabolic syndrome, Saudi Arabia