JOURNAL
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June 2023 -
Volume 21, Issue 5


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From the Editor

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Original Contribution

Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months after birth: A cross-sectional study in health care centers in Khartoum, Sudan
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Walid Tawfig, Lateefa Othman Aldakhil
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256105

Prevalence and ultrasound features of polycystic ovaries in young females examined by pelvic ultrasound in primary health care in Qatar. Electronic Medical record-based study
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Tamer F. Ali, Abdelwahed Samir Abougazia
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256106

Venous Thromboembolism Awareness among Saudis Risk Group at Primary Health Care Centers in Riyadh
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Afaf Hakami, Hessa Almutairi, Mashael Alqwaiee, Fatemah Altheyab, Hanan Abuhaimid, Wejdan makrami, Maryam Almatrafi, Nadiah Alanazi, Huda Almofrih, Nora Alheleel, Nouf Al-Helail
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256107

Prevalence of Colonic Diverticulosis among Adult patients with Obesity and metabolic syndrome conditions, a Retrospective Study at a University Hospital in Saudi Arabia
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Hani Jawa, Mohammed Alfawaz, Waleed Alghamdi, Almoutaz Hashim, Enad Alsolami, Faisal Aljehani Meshari Abdulaziz Althobaiti, Fayafi Nidhal Alghazzawi, Reem Abdulraouf Ghaza, Lama Abdulmuti Alharbi, Muath Saeed Alharbi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256108

Acute painful crises may be causes of sudden deaths in sickle cell diseases
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Mehmet Rami Helvaci, Mehpare Camlibel, Burcu Yuksek, Alper Sevinc,
Celaletdin Camci, Abdulrazak Abyad, Lesley Pocock
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256109

Use of Uterine and Ovarian Arteries Doppler Parameters for the Prediction of Infertility in Females
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Syed Muhammad Yousaf Farooq, Nazish Zulfiqar, Meryem Zulfiqar,
Syed Amir Gilani, Zareen Fatima, Asif Hanif, Amer Akhter
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256113

Review

Role of glucagon-like peptide-1 analogues in weight management
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Bilal Hasan Chaudhry, Laith AlMarsomi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256110

Helicobacter Pylori infection; the challenging task of improving eradication rates in light of rising antibiotic resistance, a literature review
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Asad Islam
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256112

Regional Covid

Effect of COVID-19 lock down on development of infants and toddlers
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Muhammad Qaisar Jamal Khattak, Bilal Hasan Chaudhry
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256114

Middle East Quality Improvement Program
(MEQUIP QI&CPD)


Chief Editor -
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE

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medi+WORLD International
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June 2023- Volume 21, Issue 5

Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months after birth: A cross-sectional study in health care centers in Khartoum, Sudan

(1) College of Medicine, Alkhartoum University, Sudan
(2) OB/Gyn Department, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh 11312, Saudi Arabia

Corresponding author:
Lateefa Othman Aldakhil, MDOB/Gyn Department, College of Medicine
King Saud University, PO Box 245-634, Riyadh 11312, Saudi Arabia
Phone: +966500044280
Email: Lateefa95@hotmail.com

Received: April 2023. Accepted: May 2023; Published: June 1, 2023.Citation: Walid Tawfig, Lateefa Othman Aldakhil. Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months after birth: A cross-sectional study in health care centers in Khartoum, Sudan. World Family Medicine. June 2023; 21(5): 6-12
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256105

Abstract

Background: Encouraging exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practices for the first 6 months of life is the most effective intervention for lowering childhood morbidity and death. However, compliance with breastfeeding recommendations is lacking in many developing countries. Thus, this study aimed to analyze mothers’ breastfeeding knowledge, attitudes, and practices, as well as factors that impact EBF at 6 months.

Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted on 128 mothers who came for children’s vaccination at primary health care centers using a structured questionnaire in form of dichotomous, multiple choice, and open and scaling questions.

Results: Of all mothers, 80.5% previously received information about breastfeeding. Of them, 38 (29.7%) initiated breastfeeding within 1 hour of delivery. Of the participants, <50% knew (46.1% and 44.5%, respectively) about breastfeeding, and 92.2% of mothers (118) had a negative view of EBF. The length of EBF for 1–2 months, 3–4 months, and 5–6 months were 3.9%, 82.8%, and 13.3%, respectively. Other foods are introduced before 6 months of age because of insufficient breast milk (15.6%) and the mother has work (11.7%).

Conclusion: EBF for up to 6 months was not recommended despite the high percentage of mothers who initiated breastfeeding right after birth or within a few hours. Sustained health and community-based nutritional education are recommended for pregnant and lactating mothers to promote optimal breastfeeding for the initiation and continuation of breastfeeding practices. More counseling and support are needed for working mothers.

Key words: exclusive breastfeeding, first six months, Khartoum, Sudan