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September 2020 -
Volume 18, Issue 9

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From the Editor

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Original Contribution

Prevalence of Diabetes Distress among People with Type 2 Diabetes at Primary Health Care in Qatar: A cross-sectional Study

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Hani Abdalla, Ahmed Alnuaimi,Alawiya Gadallah, Hagir Salih, Kamar Badei , Mohammed Mushtaha, Ben Illigens
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93850

Risk factors and complications of cataract disease in type two diabetic patients in Taif city

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Amal Saleh Alfaqeeh , Ayman Abdelbaky Atalla, Fatima Moeesh Altalhi, Futoon Abdullah Aljouid, Ohoud Owayedh Almutairi, Rawan Yasseen Bamjboor, Ameerah Saleh Bajaber
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93851

Self-Medication with Antibiotics among Medical Students in Karachi: A Cross-Sectional Institution Based Study
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Hunain Asif, Tafazzul Hyder Zaidi, Kiran Mehtab, Marina Aziz, Khadija Khalid,
Maham Shamim Shaikh, Mahnoor, Sidra Zai, Batool Zehra, Maryam Nadeem,
Mirza Muhammad Hashim, Ramal Fatima, Syed Muhammad Abbas, Warda Batool
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93866

Prevalence and risk factors of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in primary health care centers among subjects examined by abdominal ultrasound in Qatar: A case-control study
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Abdelwahed Samir A. Abougazia , Ahmed Sameer Alnuaimi , Amal Said Mahran , Tamer Fathi Ali , Ahmed Abdelsattar Khedr , Tawhid Mohamed Mowafy
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93852

Fibromyalgia in patients with psoriasis
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Abdulsatar J. Mathkhor. Jinan Q. Mohammed. Abdulnasser H. Abdullah. Amer S. Khudhairy. Hassanain H. Nasrullah
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93853

Covid 19 in the Region or Covid Related Issues

Family Medicine Residents Mentoring During Covid-19 Pandemic and Beyond

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Muna Aseel, Fawziya Al Hor, Khalid Al-Karbi, Ahmad Bawazir, Muneera Al-Muhannadi, Isameldin Abdelbagi, Mohamed H. Mahmoud
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93854

Trust and psychological safety in a virtual healthcare team
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Sanjeewa Sumathipala
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93855

Implications of COVID -19 pandemic on Family medicine Residency training program and ACGME requirements at Qatar
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Rasha Moussa, Fawziya Al Hor, Muna Aseel.
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93856

Population and Community Studies

Role of Family Doctors and Primary Health Care in COVID-19 Pandemic

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Faisal Abdullatif Alnaser
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93857

Perceptions of millennials of twenty first century regarding position of women in Pakistani society
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Hana Javed , Tafazzul Hyder Zaidi , Kiran Mehtab
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93858

What a high prevalence of rheumatic heart disease in sickle cell patients
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Mehmet Rami Helvaci, Ramazan Davran, Abdulrazak Abyad, Lesley Pocock
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93859

Clinical Characteristics and Treatment of Cryptorchidism in Adults: Our Experience in Alsaidi hospital, in Aden, Yemen
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Ali Ahmed Salem Hatroom
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93860

Glucose- 6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency: A review
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Sanjeewa Sumathipala
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93862

Review

Thyroid disease in pregnancy and screening
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Shahzad Ahmed, Kashif Ali Raza
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93861

Irritable bowel syndrome: Clinical review
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Kashif Ali Raza, Shahzad Ahmed
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93863

Early effects of smoking and environmental pollution on lung function, respiratory symptoms and allergic disorders
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Fathi M. El-Gamal, , Ahmed M. Alserihi, Abdullah O. Alhasawi, Abdulrahman S. Alshamrani, Eyad M. Alghamdi, Hussain S. Althumali, Mohammed A. Al-Ghamdi
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93867

Case Report

Alopecia Syphilitica: a case report involving hair loss on scalp and eyebrow
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Muhammad Naeem Barg, Waad Ibrahim Kadori
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93864

H Syndrome: A Case Report
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Fadi Farhan Ayyash, Abdalrazzaq Ahmmad Alyassen, Alia Mousa Alkhlaifat, Nasser Eyadeh Banikhaled, Zaid Mousa Ali
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93866



Middle East Quality Improvement Program
(MEQUIP QI&CPD)

Chief Editor -
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE

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Publisher -
Lesley Pocock
medi+WORLD International
AUSTRALIA
Email
: lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
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September 2020 - Volume 18, Issue 9

Prevalence of Diabetes Distress among People with Type 2 Diabetes at Primary Health Care in Qatar: A cross-sectional Study

(1) Family Medicine Residency Program, West Bay Training Center, Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
(2) Department of Clinical Research, Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
(3) Center for Clinical Research and Management Education, Division of Health Care Sciences, Dresden International University, Dresden, Germany.

Corresponding author:
Dr. Hani Abdalla
Email: hani_gamarelden@hotmail.com

Received: July 2020; Accepted: August 2020; Published: September 1, 2020. Citation: Hani Abdalla et al.. Prevalence of Diabetes Distress among People with Type 2 Diabetes at Primary Health Care in Qatar: A cross-sectional Study. World Family Medicine. 2020; 18(9): 5-13 DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93850

Abstract

Background: Overwhelming demands of living with diabetes may lead to diabetes distress. It is linked to poor glycemic control which may result in high morbidity, mortality and increased health care costs. Our aim is to determine the prevalence of diabetes distress among people with type 2 diabetes and the associated factors.

Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study with a sample size of 350 was conducted on type 2 diabetes people aged 30 - 65 years at West Bay Health Centre in Qatar. We used non-probability convenience sampling technique and written consent was secured from participants who met inclusion and exclusion criteria. Interviews were performed to fill out the diabetes distress scale DDS-17 which involves 4 subscales; emotional burden, physician distress, regimen distress and interpersonal distress. Mean item score of 2.0 - 2.9 was considered as moderate distress and 3.0 was considered as high distress. Approval notice was obtained from Research Committee. We used SPSS version 23 for data analysis.

Results: Overall prevalence of diabetes distress was 40.3% and expected to range between 35.2% and 45.5% with 95% confidence. Participants with high distress constituted 15.1%. For subscales; regimen distress had the highest prevalence (46.3%), followed by emotional burden (43.4%), interpersonal distress (38.6%), and physician distress (35.1%). A multivariate discriminant model to predict study participants with diabetes distress showed association in the following order of importance; Qataris/Arabs nationality, female gender, poor control of diabetes, receiving injections with treatment, obesity grade 2 and 3, age group >45 years, intensive diabetes control and being diagnosed with retinopathy. The discriminant model was statistically significant and able to classify individuals into distressed and non-distressed groups with 62% overall accuracy.

Conclusions: This study is the first of its kind in Qatar. The significant high prevalence highlights the importance of regular screening of diabetes distress, especially for those at high risk.

Key words: Diabetes distress, prevalence, Qatar

 







 


 

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