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September 2020 -
Volume 18, Issue 9

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From the Editor

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Original Contribution

Prevalence of Diabetes Distress among People with Type 2 Diabetes at Primary Health Care in Qatar: A cross-sectional Study

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Hani Abdalla, Ahmed Alnuaimi,Alawiya Gadallah, Hagir Salih, Kamar Badei , Mohammed Mushtaha, Ben Illigens
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93850

Risk factors and complications of cataract disease in type two diabetic patients in Taif city

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Amal Saleh Alfaqeeh , Ayman Abdelbaky Atalla, Fatima Moeesh Altalhi, Futoon Abdullah Aljouid, Ohoud Owayedh Almutairi, Rawan Yasseen Bamjboor, Ameerah Saleh Bajaber
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93851

Self-Medication with Antibiotics among Medical Students in Karachi: A Cross-Sectional Institution Based Study
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Hunain Asif, Tafazzul Hyder Zaidi, Kiran Mehtab, Marina Aziz, Khadija Khalid,
Maham Shamim Shaikh, Mahnoor, Sidra Zai, Batool Zehra, Maryam Nadeem,
Mirza Muhammad Hashim, Ramal Fatima, Syed Muhammad Abbas, Warda Batool
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93866

Prevalence and risk factors of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in primary health care centers among subjects examined by abdominal ultrasound in Qatar: A case-control study
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Abdelwahed Samir A. Abougazia , Ahmed Sameer Alnuaimi , Amal Said Mahran , Tamer Fathi Ali , Ahmed Abdelsattar Khedr , Tawhid Mohamed Mowafy
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93852

Fibromyalgia in patients with psoriasis
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Abdulsatar J. Mathkhor. Jinan Q. Mohammed. Abdulnasser H. Abdullah. Amer S. Khudhairy. Hassanain H. Nasrullah
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93853

Covid 19 in the Region or Covid Related Issues

Family Medicine Residents Mentoring During Covid-19 Pandemic and Beyond

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Muna Aseel, Fawziya Al Hor, Khalid Al-Karbi, Ahmad Bawazir, Muneera Al-Muhannadi, Isameldin Abdelbagi, Mohamed H. Mahmoud
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93854

Trust and psychological safety in a virtual healthcare team
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Sanjeewa Sumathipala
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93855

Implications of COVID -19 pandemic on Family medicine Residency training program and ACGME requirements at Qatar
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Rasha Moussa, Fawziya Al Hor, Muna Aseel.
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93856

Population and Community Studies

Role of Family Doctors and Primary Health Care in COVID-19 Pandemic

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Faisal Abdullatif Alnaser
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93857

Perceptions of millennials of twenty first century regarding position of women in Pakistani society
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Hana Javed , Tafazzul Hyder Zaidi , Kiran Mehtab
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93858

What a high prevalence of rheumatic heart disease in sickle cell patients
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Mehmet Rami Helvaci, Ramazan Davran, Abdulrazak Abyad, Lesley Pocock
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93859

Clinical Characteristics and Treatment of Cryptorchidism in Adults: Our Experience in Alsaidi hospital, in Aden, Yemen
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Ali Ahmed Salem Hatroom
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93860

Glucose- 6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency: A review
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Sanjeewa Sumathipala
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93862

Review

Thyroid disease in pregnancy and screening
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Shahzad Ahmed, Kashif Ali Raza
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93861

Irritable bowel syndrome: Clinical review
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Kashif Ali Raza, Shahzad Ahmed
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93863

Early effects of smoking and environmental pollution on lung function, respiratory symptoms and allergic disorders
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Fathi M. El-Gamal, , Ahmed M. Alserihi, Abdullah O. Alhasawi, Abdulrahman S. Alshamrani, Eyad M. Alghamdi, Hussain S. Althumali, Mohammed A. Al-Ghamdi
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93867

Case Report

Alopecia Syphilitica: a case report involving hair loss on scalp and eyebrow
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Muhammad Naeem Barg, Waad Ibrahim Kadori
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93864

H Syndrome: A Case Report
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Fadi Farhan Ayyash, Abdalrazzaq Ahmmad Alyassen, Alia Mousa Alkhlaifat, Nasser Eyadeh Banikhaled, Zaid Mousa Ali
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93866



Middle East Quality Improvement Program
(MEQUIP QI&CPD)

Chief Editor -
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE

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Publisher -
Lesley Pocock
medi+WORLD International
AUSTRALIA
Email
: lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
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Editorial Enquiries -
abyad@cyberia.net.lb
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The contents of this journal are copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for purposes of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Australian Copyright Act, no part of this program may be reproduced without the permission of the publisher.

September 2020 - Volume 18, Issue 9

Prevalence and risk factors of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in primary health care centers among subjects examined by abdominal ultrasound in Qatar: A case-control study

(1) Department of radiology, Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar
(2) Research department, Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar
(3) Internal medicine and gastroenterology department, Rhyhan Medical complex, Doha, Qatar

Corresponding author:
Abdelwahed Samir Abougazia
Email: abdelwahedabugazia@gmail.com

Received: July 2020; Accepted: August 2020; Published: September 1, 2020. Citation: Abougazia AS, Alnuaimi AS, Mahran AS, et al. Prevalence and risk factors of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in primary health care centers among subjects examined by abdominal ultrasound in Qatar: A case-control study. World Family Medicine. 2020; 18(9): 34-44 DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93852

Abstract

Background and study aim: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a cause of chronic liver disease and an important public health problem. The prevalence of NAFLD in patients with components of metabolic syndrome is high. Ultrasound is a non-invasive, available screening method to detect and follow up NAFLD with treatment options. The aim of this study is to explore NAFLD and its association with metabolic syndrome and other risk factors. It also aimed to identify a cohort of patients with fatty liver to perform a follow-up study.

Patients and methods: This is a retrospective case-control study nested in a cross-sectional design for NAFLD patients, diagnosed by ultrasonography. After assessing the size of cases, we initiated a case control study.

Results: NAFLD is prevalent in the study population (58.5%). The prevalence and risks were high in males (69.7% and 1.35) and in the 50-59 years age group (74.2% and 2.08 respectively). The prevalence and risk increased with increase in weight with the highest values in Grade III obese measuring 85.9% and 3.39, respectively. The difference in prevalence or risk between Qatari and expatriates or smoker and non-smoker patients was non-significant. The prevalence of NAFLD in cases of Metabolic syndromewas 81.7% and the risk was 1.89 and the prevalence and risk increased with increased number of metabolic syndrome components (the prevalence increased from 31.3% in 1 component to 90.2% in 5 components, and the risk increased from 1.71 in 1 component to 4.95 in 5 components).

Conclusion: Ultrasonography is the reference test for the detection of fatty liver at the population level in primary health care centers. NAFLD is a prevalent health problem in Qatar and is associated with metabolic syndrome and its components. A multifactorial intervention approach on the risk factors can restrict the appearance of more severe hepatic complications.

Key words: NAFLD, ultrasound, prevalence, risk factors, Qatar.

 







 


 

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