JOURNAL
Current Issue
Journal Archive
.............................................................
September 2020 -
Volume 18, Issue 9

View this issue in pdf format

........................................................
From the Editor

........................................................

 

Original Contribution

Prevalence of Diabetes Distress among People with Type 2 Diabetes at Primary Health Care in Qatar: A cross-sectional Study

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Hani Abdalla, Ahmed Alnuaimi,Alawiya Gadallah, Hagir Salih, Kamar Badei , Mohammed Mushtaha, Ben Illigens
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93850

Risk factors and complications of cataract disease in type two diabetic patients in Taif city

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Amal Saleh Alfaqeeh , Ayman Abdelbaky Atalla, Fatima Moeesh Altalhi, Futoon Abdullah Aljouid, Ohoud Owayedh Almutairi, Rawan Yasseen Bamjboor, Ameerah Saleh Bajaber
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93851

Self-Medication with Antibiotics among Medical Students in Karachi: A Cross-Sectional Institution Based Study
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Hunain Asif, Tafazzul Hyder Zaidi, Kiran Mehtab, Marina Aziz, Khadija Khalid,
Maham Shamim Shaikh, Mahnoor, Sidra Zai, Batool Zehra, Maryam Nadeem,
Mirza Muhammad Hashim, Ramal Fatima, Syed Muhammad Abbas, Warda Batool
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93866

Prevalence and risk factors of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in primary health care centers among subjects examined by abdominal ultrasound in Qatar: A case-control study
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Abdelwahed Samir A. Abougazia , Ahmed Sameer Alnuaimi , Amal Said Mahran , Tamer Fathi Ali , Ahmed Abdelsattar Khedr , Tawhid Mohamed Mowafy
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93852

Fibromyalgia in patients with psoriasis
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Abdulsatar J. Mathkhor. Jinan Q. Mohammed. Abdulnasser H. Abdullah. Amer S. Khudhairy. Hassanain H. Nasrullah
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93853

Covid 19 in the Region or Covid Related Issues

Family Medicine Residents Mentoring During Covid-19 Pandemic and Beyond

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Muna Aseel, Fawziya Al Hor, Khalid Al-Karbi, Ahmad Bawazir, Muneera Al-Muhannadi, Isameldin Abdelbagi, Mohamed H. Mahmoud
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93854

Trust and psychological safety in a virtual healthcare team
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Sanjeewa Sumathipala
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93855

Implications of COVID -19 pandemic on Family medicine Residency training program and ACGME requirements at Qatar
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Rasha Moussa, Fawziya Al Hor, Muna Aseel.
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93856

Population and Community Studies

Role of Family Doctors and Primary Health Care in COVID-19 Pandemic

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Faisal Abdullatif Alnaser
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93857

Perceptions of millennials of twenty first century regarding position of women in Pakistani society
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Hana Javed , Tafazzul Hyder Zaidi , Kiran Mehtab
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93858

What a high prevalence of rheumatic heart disease in sickle cell patients
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Mehmet Rami Helvaci, Ramazan Davran, Abdulrazak Abyad, Lesley Pocock
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93859

Clinical Characteristics and Treatment of Cryptorchidism in Adults: Our Experience in Alsaidi hospital, in Aden, Yemen
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Ali Ahmed Salem Hatroom
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93860

Glucose- 6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency: A review
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Sanjeewa Sumathipala
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93862

Review

Thyroid disease in pregnancy and screening
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Shahzad Ahmed, Kashif Ali Raza
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93861

Irritable bowel syndrome: Clinical review
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Kashif Ali Raza, Shahzad Ahmed
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93863

Early effects of smoking and environmental pollution on lung function, respiratory symptoms and allergic disorders
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Fathi M. El-Gamal, , Ahmed M. Alserihi, Abdullah O. Alhasawi, Abdulrahman S. Alshamrani, Eyad M. Alghamdi, Hussain S. Althumali, Mohammed A. Al-Ghamdi
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93867

Case Report

Alopecia Syphilitica: a case report involving hair loss on scalp and eyebrow
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Muhammad Naeem Barg, Waad Ibrahim Kadori
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93864

H Syndrome: A Case Report
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Fadi Farhan Ayyash, Abdalrazzaq Ahmmad Alyassen, Alia Mousa Alkhlaifat, Nasser Eyadeh Banikhaled, Zaid Mousa Ali
DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93866



Middle East Quality Improvement Program
(MEQUIP QI&CPD)

Chief Editor -
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE

.........................................................

Publisher -
Lesley Pocock
medi+WORLD International
AUSTRALIA
Email
: lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
.........................................................

Editorial Enquiries -
abyad@cyberia.net.lb
.........................................................

Advertising Enquiries -
lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
.........................................................

While all efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this journal, opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Publishers, Editor or the Editorial Board. The publishers, Editor and Editorial Board cannot be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this journal; or the views and opinions expressed. Publication of any advertisements does not constitute any endorsement by the Publishers and Editors of the product advertised.

The contents of this journal are copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for purposes of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Australian Copyright Act, no part of this program may be reproduced without the permission of the publisher.

September 2020 - Volume 18, Issue 9

Self-Medication with Antibiotics among Medical Students in Karachi: A Cross-Sectional Institution Based Study

Corresponding author:
Dr Syed Tafazzul Hyder Zaidi, MBBS, MSPH
Associate Professor, Community Medicine Department,
Sindh Medical College, Jinnah Sindh Medical University,
Karachi
Cell No: 00 92 300 923 26 95
Email: Drtaf2002@yahoo.com

Received: July 2020; Accepted: August 2020; Published: September 1, 2020. Citation: Hunain Muhammad Asif et al. Self-Medication with Antibiotics among Medical Students in Karachi: A Cross-Sectional Institution Based Study. World Family Medicine. 2020; 18(9): 24-33 DOI: 10.5742MEWFM.2020.93866

Abstract

Objectives:
1) To identify the factors responsible for students self-medicating with antibiotics in medical students at Sindh Medical College, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi.
2) To determine the class of self-medicating antibiotics used by medical students at Sindh Medical College, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi.

Study Design:
A Cross-sectional study.

Study Place:
Sindh Medical College
Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi

Study Duration:
March 01, 2018 To June 04, 2018

Sampling Technique:
Non-Probability Purposive Sampling

Method: A cross sectional study was conducted on a sample size of 359 students. The sample was taken through non-probability convenient sampling from all 05 batches of Sindh Medical College, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi within the month of January 2018 and informed verbal consent was taken from the participants. A pilot study was conducted to assess the authenticity of the questionnaire. A structured questionnaire was then distributed, was filled out and the data was entered and analyzed using SPSS version 23.0 with 95 % confidence interval in margin of error 5 % and p value of less than 0.05 was considered as statistical significance.

Results: The percentage of self-medication among students of Sindh Medical College, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi is 52.1%. Age groups were (16-18 = 14.5%, 19-21 = 58.2% and 22-24 = 27.3%). Participants from all years were (01st = 20.6%, 02nd = 19.5%, 03rd = 20.6%, 04th = 19.5% and 05th = 19.8%). The minimum days an antibiotic course should be continued from the collected data were (3-5 Days = 69.6%). The most hazardous outcome of using inappropriate antibiotics reported by the students was (Drug resistance = 40.4%). The most frequently used antibiotics were (Co-amoxiclav = 11.7%, Metronidazole = 5.8%). Students normally stop taking antibiotics (At the completion of course = 42.1%, After symptoms disappear = 31.5%, After consulting doctor = 10.6%).

Conclusion: This study suggests that students of Sindh Medical College, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, were found to self-medicate themselves with antibiotics. However, knowledge about drug resistance is required at individual level in order to refrain from doing so. In consideration of these results, adequate measures should be taken to educate students regarding the hazardous side effects of antibiotics.

Key words: Self-medication, Antibiotics, Karachi, Medical students

 







 


 

.................................................................................................................