This issue is rich with good number of research,
reviews and community studies from the region.
Al-Shehhi, E et al did a questionnaire to measure
the prevalence and risk factors of obesity in
children aged 2-12 years in the Abu Dhabi Islands,
United Arab Emirates. The prevalence of overweight
and obesity among the study population was found
to be 32.8%. The prevalence of overweight and
obesity among children is increasing in the
UAE, especially among UAE nationals.
Ijaz Anwer, I et al; conducted a cross-sectional
study in outpatient clinics of Faisalabad Pakistan.
A total of 691 diabetic patients (verified from
physician, medical records) were consecutively
approached. The objective of this study was
to assess the knowledge of diabetic patients
about their disease, its complications and management.
The authors concluded that the overall level
of awareness in diabetics was found to be low
and there is a need to educate the population
on this topic.
Ardestani-Samani, N et al studied the difference
in psychiatric disorders between students with
multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy students.
The mean scores on psychological disorders and
their dimensions were significantly higher in
patient group than healthy group (p<0.05).
They studied the difference in self-concept,
physical self-concept, and time perspective
between the students with multiple sclerosis
(MS) and healthy students. Findings indicated
that overall, the people with MS, compared to
healthy people, have negative self-concept and
self-concept as well as negative attitudes toward
their own social relationships and moods.
Choheili, H et al did a study on 1005 students
to create and validate the adjustment inventory.
The adjustment inventory consisting of 100 items
was employed to measure their adjustment. In
the second study they validate the Faith Inventory
for Students. Gilavand, A & Fatahias, J
assessed the quality of educational services
from the viewpoints of radiology students of
the School of Paramedicine based on the SERVQUAL
evaluation model. Students' expectations were
beyond their perception of the status quo, and
none of the five dimensions of the quality of
educational services met their expectations.
Therefore, it is necessary for the university
to narrow the existing gap according to its
type and severity.
Sahar Zandi ,S et al; compared anti-inflammatory
properties of two soft tissue injections of
dexamethasone sodium phosphate 1/6 mg, using
topical tissue glue containing ginger extract.
Based on the statistical data obtained from
this study, it seems that topical administration
of tissue glue containing ginger extract (20%)
and soft tissue injection of dexamethasone sodium
phosphate (1/6 mg) after surgery both reduced
Trismus after surgery. Babadi, E et al ; compared
the antibacterial effects chlorhexidine mouth
wash (CHX) with jaftex mouth wash. The finding
concluded that Jaftex mouth wash were less potent
than the CHX in inhibiting growth on oral microorganisms
and it's recommended to be used for plaque chemical
Several studies dealt with various issues in
nursing. Jafarizadeh, H et al determined the
effect of a resilience-based intervention on
occupational stress in nurses. There was a significant
difference in the level of occupational stress
and its components between the pre-test and
post-test of the studied subjects after the
intervention. Elhami, S et al did a descriptive
cross-sectional study, viewpoints of 180 nurses
and nursing students regarding to the barriers
of observance of professional ethics standards
in clinical environment. Observance of the professional
ethics standards in nursing practice, can play
an important role in improving and restoring
the health of patients. Ghaderi, A et al cross-sectional
study was conducted to determine cognitive factors
related to doing regular physical activity among
a sample of Iranian nurses based on the integrative
model of behavior prediction (IMBP). it seems
that designing and implementation of educational
programs to increase attitude and skills regarding
the doing physical activity may promote physical
activity. Boozaripour, M et al did a cross-sectional
study that assessed undergraduate nursing students
(n=313) perceptions of their clinical learning
environment. The study indicated that there
is still work to be done to provide a healthy
clinical learning environment for nursing students
and this task belongs to nursing researchers,
educators, and health care organization preceptors.
shokoh Varaei, S et al; evaluated the effect
of education on self-care behaviors of gastrointestinal
side effects in patients undergoing chemotherapy.
The results showed that the use of self-care
training alongside drug regimen reduces the
side effects of chemotherapy in patients.
Gilavand, A conducted a study to determine
how the salaries and benefits of faculty members
are calculated in the Ministry of Health and
Medical Education of Iran. The author concluded
that faculty members expect their salaries to
be calculated and paid equitably and to increase
each year in proportion to the inflation rate,
so that they do not have to carry out unrelated
and non-academic activities outside the university
in order to solve their livelihood problems.
Afrasibi, S& Fattahi, Z review the concept
of self-actualization in psychology and Islam.
they stressed that the concept of self-actualization
and perfection in Islam has a special state
compared to the view in psychology, and involves
all aspects of life. Helvaci, M.R et al; took
consecutive patients below the age of 70 years
to avoid debility induced weight loss in elders.
Patients were divided into three groups as normal
weight, overweight, and obesity. The authors
concluded that higher Alanine aminotransferase
(ALT) value in serum may indicate excess weight
Abbasian, E.G et al; studied the effect of
plasma jet on Fusarium isolates with ability
to produce DON toxins. This study has confirmed
that argon plasma jet system has destructive
effects on mycotoxins such as DON and also on
the microorganisms which produce mycotoxins.
Daneshvar, H et al; did a Comparative Analysis
of Antimicrobial Peptides Gene Expression in
Susceptible/Resistant Mice Macrophages to Leishmania
major Infection. The authors concluded that
due to higher expression and release of AMPs
by BALB/c derived macrophages, the L. major
infection ultimately occurs in BALB/c mice.
Razmjooei, F et al did study to evaluate the
effect of patient's socioeconomic status on
clinical outcomes in CABG surgery. The authors
concluded that, socioeconomic status had a significant
effect on: Hospital stay, wound infection, first,
second and third day bleeding after surgery,
Reoperation need, blood transfusion in first,
second and third day after surgery. ValiPour,
A.A et al; did an epidemiological study on the
prevalence of Tuberculosis in Abadan, Iran.
In this study, 720 patients with tuberculosis
were studied, of which 62.9% were male. 73.6%
of patients live in urban areas. Considering
the fact that tuberculosis is a life-limiting
disease and is most prevalent in the young age
group of society that is considered as the main
capital and workforce, training people who are
at risk can significantly contribute to the
prevention of disease.
Pourmovahed, Z et al ; did a qualitative with
the purpose of exploring the experiences of
family and marriage experts and also Yazdi couples'
experiences with religious beliefs and superstitions
running in families. Families could be trained
to find some correct and suitable solutions
along with reinforcement of spiritual beliefs
to cope with the use of superstitions in solving
familial life problems and increase family health
Farshchian, N et al carried a study to compare
the uterine artery Doppler indices (resistance
index (RI), plasticity index (PI), and peak
systolic velocity (PSV)) among pregnant women
with diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes
with healthy pregnant women. There was a difference
regarding PI between mothers with diabetes mellitus
and gestational diabetes with healthy mothers.
Rahmanian , E et al; conducted a randomized
clinical performed on 64 children to evaluate
treatment of UTI with single dose of gentamicin
first as 3 mg / kg daily IV and after urine
culture became negative in the second day of
treatment 1mg / kg daily IM in children with
range of 1 month to the 13 years old in Jahrom
during 1394. Data showed no significant differences
of responding to the treatment and its complications
between the two studied groups.
Rajput , M.Y compared the use of traditional
and usual medical treatment for constipation.
The general approach to dealing with constipation
in traditional medicine sources is somewhat
similar to that of the medical findings, but
the details of the recommendations in these
sources do not have the required level of evidence.
Rahmanian, E et al; in a cross-sectional descriptive
study aimed to determine the immunity level
of Jahrom's young girls and women against measles
and rubella 7 years after the public vaccination.
The results showed that although the national
vaccination in 2003 has been effective in immunizing
the women of gestational age to measles and
rubella, it seems that due to the gradual reduction
of this immunity, all women, before pregnancy,
should undergo a test to determine their immunity
to these two diseases and if necessary, booster
vaccine should be inoculated.
Ali Reza Yousefi A.R & Inaloo, R carried
cross sectional study Evaluation of control
of bleeding by electro cauterization of bleeding
points of amplatzsheet tract after percutaneous
nephrolithotomy (PCNL). The authors concluded
that Electro cauterization of bleeding points
with an electrode probe after percutaneous surgery
decreased morbidity. The authors in their second
study reviewed percutaneous nephrolithotomy
in children below 12 years old in Jahrom hospital.
Percutaneous stone therapy-related hemorrhage
requires a blood transfusion (11%-14%), and
an increased risk of kidney loss. In this study,
the stones were removed completely with minimal
injury to renal tissue. PCNL has a better stone
clearance rate and is cost-effective. PCNL has
clearance rate of 100% when it was combined
Maleki, A et al ; evaluated the accuracy and
error rate of the three-finger tracheal palpation
technique and compare it with triple ID formulae
technique in children age of 2-8 years. Overall,
this study showed that the use of the three-finger
tracheal palpation technique was acceptable
as a standard method and compared with the three-pipe
formula, the percentage of success was greater
(100% versus 96%).
Behnaz, F et al; investigated the effect of
sevoflurane and propofol on pulmonary arterial
pressure during cardiac catheterization in children
with congenital heart diseases. The authors
concluded that propofol is considered more appropriate
than Sevoflurane for cardiac catheterization
in children with congenital heart disease and
anesthesiologists can use Propofol as a suitable
alternative for sevoflurane.
Nasim Dastras, N et al ; investigate the relationship
between coping styles and religious orientation
with mental health among students of Nursing
Midwifery Faculty of Zabol.. The results of
the research show that there is a significant
relationship between coping styles and religious
orientation. There is also a significant relationship
between coping styles and mental health.
Salamat,S et al did a a quasi-experimental
study investigating the effectiveness of cognitive
- behavioral therapy in reducing the post-traumatic
stress symptoms in male students survivors of
earthquake in the central district of Varzeghan.
In general, it can be concluded that this therapeutic
intervention is effective and it can be used
at health centers as well as schools in order
to reduce the symptoms of post-traumatic stress.
Mehraki, B & Gholami, A Physical and mental
health is one of the most important and fundamental
issues of life in every society. The teachings
of Islam consider physical and mental health
as one of the most important features of Muslims,
and as the promoter of the development of good
traits and peace and comfort of mankind. The
findings of this study highlight the role of
faith, marriage, and observance of individual
and social health principles in the physical
and mental balance and stability of humans.
helalat, L et al ; looked at the The effect
of curcumin on growth and adherence of major
microorganisms causing tooth decay. The authors
concluded that adhesion is the most important
factor in tooth decay and its reduction is an
effective solution in preventing the disease.
Considering the inhibitory role of curcumin
on growth and binding of bacterial strains,
this curcuminoid agent is considered as a potent
MD, MPH, AGSF, AFCHSE