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November 2017 -
Volume 15, Issue 9

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From the Editor

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Original contribution/Clinical Investigation
Diabetes Mellitus - Knowledge, Management and Complications: Survey report from Faisalabad-Pakistan
Ijaz Anwer, Ahmad Shahzad, Kashmira Nanji, Farah Haider, Muhammad Masood Ahmad

Alanine aminotransferase indicates excess weight and dyslipidemia
Mehmet Rami Helvaci, Orhan Ayyildiz* Mustafa Cem Algin, Yusuf Aydin, Abdulrazak Abyad, Lesley Pocock

Comparative Analysis of Antimicrobial Peptides Gene Expression in Susceptible/Resistant Mice Macrophages to Leishmania major Infection

Hamid Daneshvar, Iraj Sharifi, Alireza Kyhani, Amir Tavakoli Kareshk, Arash Asadi

Does socio-economic status of the patients have effect on clinical outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery?
Forough Razmjooei, Afshin Mansourian, Saeed Kouhpyma

Comparison of the uterine artery Doppler indices during pregnancy between gestational diabetes and diabetes mellitus and healthy pregnant women
Nazanin Farshchian, Farhad Naleini, Amir Masoud Jaafarnejhad,
Parisa Bahrami Kamangar

Survey single dose Gentamicin in treatment of UTI in children with range of 1 month to 13 years old in Jahrom during 2015
Ehsan Rahmanian, Farideh Mogharab,
Vahid Mogharab

Evaluation of control of bleeding by electro cauterization of bleeding points of amplatz sheath tract after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in Jahrom Peymanieh hospital during year 2015-2016
Ali Reza Yousefi , Reza Inaloo

Comparison of the three-finger tracheal palpation technique with triple ID formula to determine endotracheal tube depth in children 2-8 years in 2016-2017
Anahid Maleki, Alireza Ebrahim Soltani, Alireza Takzare, Ebrahim Espahbodi,
Mehrdad Goodarzi , Roya Noori

Effect of Sevoflurane and Propofol on pulmonary arterial pressure during cardiac catheterization in children with congenital heart diseases
Faranak Behnaz, Mahshid Ghasemi , Gholamreza Mohseni, Azim Zaraki
Population and Community Studies

Prevalence and risk factors of obesity in children aged 2-12 years in the Abu Dhabi Islands
Eideh Al-Shehhi, Hessa Al-Dhefairi, Kholoud Abuasi, Noora Al Ali, Mona Al Tunaiji, Ebtihal Darwish

Study and comparison of psychological disorders in normal students and students with multiple sclerosis in Shahrekord
Neda Ardestani-Samani, Mohammad Rabiei, Mohammad Ghasemi-Pirbalooti, Asghar Bayati, Saeid Heidari-Soureshjani

Comparative study of self-concept, physical self-concept, and time perspective between the students with multiple sclerosis and healthy students in Shahrekord
Neda Ardestani-Samani, Mohammad Rabiei, Mohammad Ghasemi-Pirbalooti, Asghar Bayati, Saeid Heidari-Soureshjani

Relationship between Coping Styles and Religious Orientation with Mental Health in the Students of the Nursing-Midwifery Faculty of Zabol
Nasim Dastras, Mohsen Heidari Mokarrar, Majid Dastras, Shirzad Arianmehr

Tuberculosis in Abadan, Iran (2012-2016): An Epidemiological Study
Ali-Asghar ValiPour, Azimeh Karimyan, Mahmood Banarimehr, Marzieh Ghassemi, Maryam Robeyhavi, Rahil Hojjati,
Parvin Gholizadeh

Family Stability and Conflict of Spiritual Beliefs and Superstitions among Yazdi People in Iran: A Qualitative Study
Zahra Pourmovahed , Seyed Saied Mazloomy Mahmoodabad ; Hassan Zareei Mahmoodabadi ; Hossein Tavangar ; Seyed Mojtaba Yassini Ardekani ; Ali Akbar Vaezi

A comparative study of the self-actualization in psychology and Islam
Simin Afrasibi, Zakieh Fattahi

The effectiveness of cognitive - behavioral therapy in reducing the post-traumatic stress symptoms in male students survivors of earthquake in the central district of Varzeghan
Sakineh Salamat, Dr.Ahad Ahangar, Robab Farajzadeh

Reviews

Effects and mechanisms of medicinal plants on stress hormone (cortisol): A systematic review
Kamal Solati, Saeid Heidari-Soureshjani, Lesley Pocock

Comparing Traditional and medical treatments for constipation : A Review Article
Mohammad Yaqub Rajput

A review of anti-measles and anti-rubella antibodies in 15- 25 year old women in Jahrom City in 2011
Ehsan Rahmania , Farideh Mogharab, Vahid Mogharab

Review of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children below 12 years old in Jahrom hospital, during 2010-2014
Ali Reza Yousefi , Reza Inaloo

Physical and mental health in Islam
Bahador Mehraki, Abdollah Gholami

International Health Affairs

The Challenges of Implementation of Professional Ethics Standards in Clinical Care from the viewpoint of Nursing Students and Nurses
Saeedeh Elhami, Kambiz Saberi, Maryam Ban, Sajedeh Mousaviasl, Nasim Hatefi Moadab, Marzieh Ghassemi

Cognitive Determinants of Physical Activity Intention among Iranian Nurses: An Application of Integrative Model of Behavior Prediction
Arsalan Ghaderi, Firoozeh Mostafavi, Behzad Mahaki, Abdorrahim Afkhamzadeh,
Yadolah Zarezadeh , Erfan Sadeghi

Effect of resilience-based intervention on occupational stress among nurses
Hossein Jafarizadeh, Ebrahim Zhiyani, Nader Aghakhani, Vahid Alinejad, Yaser Moradi

Education and Training

Calculation of Salaries and Benefits of Faculty Members in the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran
Abdolreza Gilavand

The effect of education on self-care behaviors of gastrointestinal side effects on patients undergoing chemotherapy
Shokoh Varaei, Ehsan Abadi Pishe, Shadan Pedram Razie, Lila Nezam Abadi Farahani

Creating and Validating the Faith Inventory for Students at Islamic Azad University of Ahvaz
Solmaz Choheili, Reza Pasha, Gholam Hossein Maktabi, Ehsan Moheb

Creating and Validating the Adjustment Inventory for the Students of Islamic Azad University of Ahvaz
Homa Choheili, Reza Pasha, Gholam Hossein Maktabi, Ehsan Moheb

Evaluating the Quality of Educational Services from the Viewpoints of Radiology Students of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Abdolreza Gilavand, Jafar Fatahiasl

An Investigation of Psychosocial aspect of Iranian Nursing Students' Clinical Setting
Mahsa Boozaripour , Zanyar Karimi, Sima Zohari Anbohi, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Fariba Borhani

Clinical Research and Methods

Comparison of the Antibacterial Effects of Chlorhexidine Mouth washes with Jaftex Mouth wash on Some Common Oral Microorganisms (An in Vitro Study)
Ebrahim Babadi, Zahra Bamzadeh, Fatemeh Babadi

Study of the effect of plasma jet on Fusarium isolates with ability to produce DON toxins
Elham Galin Abbasian, Mansour Bayat, Arash chaichi Nosrati, Seyed Jamal Hashemi, Mahmood Ghoranneviss

The comparison of anti-inflammatory effect in two methods of topical dexamethasone injection and topical application of ginger alcoholic extract after removing mandibular wisdom teeth
Sahar Zandi, Seyyed Muhammadreza Alavi, Kamran Mirzaie, Ramin Seyedian, Narges Aria, Saman Jokar

The effect of curcumin on growth and adherence of major microorganisms causing tooth decay
Leila Helalat, Ahmad Zarejavid, Alireza Ekrami, Mohammd Hosein Haghighizadeh, Mehdi Shiri Nasab


Middle East Quality Improvement Program
(MEQUIP QI&CPD)

Chief Editor -
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE

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November 2017 - Volume 15, Issue 9

Calculation of Salaries and Benefits of Faculty Members in the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran


Abdolreza Gilavand

Correspondence:
Expert on Faculty Appointments,
Department of Education Development Center,
Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences,
Ahvaz, Iran.

Email:
gilavanda@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction:
The suitability of the salaries and benefits of faculty members for their livelihoods is one of the most important factors in their job satisfaction. Therefore, this research was conducted to determine how the salaries and benefits of faculty members are calculated in the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran.

Methods: This descriptive and analytical study was conducted to shed more light on the way the salaries and benefits of faculty members employed at the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran are calculated. Research data were collected through searching published articles in Iranian and international reputable websites as well as the administrative and employment regulations of faculty members of universities and higher education institutions affiliated to the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, and further amendments and directives in this regard.

Results: The salaries of the faculty members in Iran are determined on the basis of the salary coefficient announced annually by the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran. In addition, their salaries will increase with regard to the type of service, the increase of the base level, promotion, lack of specific profit activities outside university, acquisition of managerial positions, marriage and having children for men.

Conclusion: Faculty members expect their salaries to be calculated and paid equitably and to increase each year in proportion to the inflation rate, so that they do not have to carry out unrelated and non-academic activities outside the university in order to solve their livelihood problems.

Key words: Salaries and Benefits, Faculty Members, Ministry of Health, Medical Education, Iran.


INTRODUCTION

One of the factors that plays an important role in the growth and development of any society is the human resources of that country. Therefore, nowadays, there are a great deal of investments in educating and providing these resources in developing and developed countries (1-2). Experienced and motivated manpower is the most important human capital in maintaining and developing a society, and its advancement and development would not be possible unless by attracting, cultivating, maintaining and exploiting the elite and educated human resources (3). One of the effective ways of attracting, retaining, and motivating human resources is to provide them with material rewards in the form of different payment systems and methods (4). Payroll is defined as a payment that is paid to compensate employees for their activities in any institution or firm. Salary costs represent the share of labor in the production of products or services, and as one of the factors contributing to the final cost, salary costs call for measurement, control and continuous analysis (5). Determining the amount of salary that an organization must pay to its employees is one of the most key aspects of human resource management (HRM). This is firstly because the payment system (of which the payroll is only a part) has a significant impact on the attraction and satisfaction of employees, and secondly, because paying employees is one of the heaviest financial burdens that each organization must come to terms with for advancement and fulfillment of their goals. Therefore, a system of wages and salaries that is carefully designed and implemented on the basis of correct policies will play a pivotal role in the economic health of the organization as well as the effective and efficient use of the human resources in the organization (4). The employment of faculty members in the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, involves different forms, including geographical full-time and conventional full-time in terms of the scope of activities, and permanent, temporary-to permanent, under-a-contract, under conscription law in terms of the permanency of employment. Geographical full-time faculty members must serve at least 54 hours a week, according to the program, and do not have the right to work outside the university for professional profits (including working at a personal office, pharmacy or laboratory, an educational and diagnostic center, private hospitals, charity centers, etc.). A conventional full-time (non-geographical full time) faculty member is a person who serves at least 40 hours a week according to the university’s program. Under exceptional circumstances, if necessary, universities and higher education institutions will be able to employ non-geographical full-time faculty members with the approval of the Board of Trustees under the conditions determined by the University Council (6). There are currently 65 universities and independent medical science faculties in Iran. Presently, 200,000 students are studying for different degrees from associate degree to clinical specialties and clinical fellowships in different fields at Iran’s medical universities. There are currently 18,000 faculty members in the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, of whom 4,000 are faculty members who work temporarily under conscription law due to their commitment to free studying at universities (7). The vital role of faculty members in the efficiency, productivity and performance of universities, institutes and research centers, has urged the authorities and academic directors to pay attention to their demands with the aim of enhancing their satisfaction in order to prevent undesirable effects on the educational and research system of the country (8-10). In Iran, in particular, with the recent state of higher education and the challenges it is facing due to the irrational and unusual expansion of universities, the issue of the quality of life of faculty members and their job satisfaction has gained currency and become one of the issues that should be considered more seriously (10). In the meantime, and based on the literature, the proportionality of the salaries and benefits of faculty members with their livelihoods is considered as one of the most important factors in their satisfaction (10-16). Therefore, this study was conducted to determine how the salaries and benefits of faculty members are calculated at the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran.

METHODS

This descriptive and analytical study was conducted in 2017 to investigate how the salaries and benefits of faculty members are calculated at the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran. Research data were collected through searching published articles in Iranian reputable sites both national and international, including (SID, MAGIRAN, PubMed, Scopus, and ISI) as well as the administrative and employment regulations of faculty members of universities and higher education institutions affiliated to the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, and further amendments and directives in this regard.

RESULTS

The salaries of faculty members in Iran are determined on the basis of the salary coefficient announced annually by the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran for all faculty members of universities, institutes of higher education and public research, and for judges of the Ministry of Justice (To the Iranian Rial Currency/ 1 US dollar = 41,000 Rials). In addition, the salaries of faculty members will increase with regard to the type of service, the increase of the base level, promotion, lack of specific profit activities outside university, acquisition of managerial positions, marriage and having children for men, which will be further explained in more detail below. Overall, salaries and benefits are paid to the faculty members in three general ways: firstly, it is included in their HR notification letters of all faculty members, regardless of the type of employment, gender, type of work, etc. In addition to the base salary, specific allowance, special allowance, attraction allowance, and retirement and insurance deductions are also included in the HR notification. Secondly, it is again included in the HR notification letter and is, according to the type of work, gender, executive position, allowances for children, management, radiation, full-time, etc. The third way, which is not included in the faculty member’s HR notification letter, is according to the contract between the faculty members and the educational/medical center where they are working. The most important cases in point are the office deprivation allowance, good performance allowance, tuition, etc. According to the formula in Table 1, the base salary is calculated.

Base salary = salary coefficient * {base number + (grade of the faculty member * 5)}

Table 1: Calculation of base salary


In the HR notification letters of the faculty members of the universities and higher education institutions affiliated with the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, in addition to the base salary which is calculated according to the above formula, other benefits under name of dearness allowance, specific allowance, and attractions allowance are included, which are calculated according to the following formulas. In fact, all of these items included in the HR notification letter are a certain percentage of their base salary, which is calculated on the basis of their scientific level and base.

Specific allowance = Base salary * specific allowance coefficient

Table 2: Calculation of specific allowance


Attraction allowance = Base salary * Attraction coefficients approved by each university (for geographical members the coefficient of 1.6 also applies)

Table 3: Calculation of attraction allowance


Special allowance = Base salary * Dearness allowance coefficient



In addition to the above items, for some members of the faculty with special conditions, the following items are paid:
1-Office deprivation allowance or geographical full-time: To full-time faculty members of the university, the amount of this allowance is maximally equivalent to the total amount of the base salary and specific allowance and is paid based on the calculation of educational, research, and clinical activity of the faculty member. This allowance is not payable during education, scholarship, or sabbatical leaves.
2- Job difficulty allowance: faculty members of the Anatomy Department, who work with cadavers are paid 50% of the basic salary and the specific allowance combined as a job difficulty allowance determined by the University’s Board of Directors.
3. Managerial allowance: The faculty members with executive and management positions in accordance with Table 4 are paid managerial allowance.
4. Allowance of bad weather and deprivation from facilities: The faculty members who serve in disadvantagedareas are paid a sum of money for the bad weather and deprivation from facilities.
5. Family allowance: Married men faculty members are paid an amount of money which is announced annually by the government.
6. Children’s allowance: Married men faculty members who have children are paid an amount of money according to their number, and the amount of this allowance is announced annually by the government.
7. Radiation allowance: Faculty members exposed to radiation receive this allowance according to the type and percentage determined by the Atomic Energy Organization and paid by the experts of the physical health unit of the university (radiation experts)
8. Dearness allowance: The salary and benefits of faculty members who have annual promotion will also be increased.

The following table illustrates the calculation of the managerial allowance of independent medical university chancellors and faculty members having managerial positions.


DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION

Several studies on the satisfaction of faculty members in Iran have shown that there is a direct relationship between job satisfaction and the salaries and benefits of faculty members (10-14). This satisfaction has also been reported to be influenced by their age factor. In fact, the age variable has a significant relationship with the creation of job satisfaction. This relationship seems to be influenced by the faculty members’ professional concerns such as the amount of salary, work stability and working environment conditions, which are all of specific importance at different ages (10). For example, many faculty members under the age of 30 are mainly concerned about the salary, while the main concern of faculty members aged 30-39 is occupational security, and those aged 40 and above consider the conditions of the workplace as a cause of job motivation. This result can also be attributed to the employment status and academic rank of the faculty members. That is, faculty members under 30, due to lower academic rank and